Tag Archives: socialism

Historical transformations of knowledge in political economy: minimally necessary information

By Fazal Rahman, Ph.D.                  March 1, 2016

Knowledge and understanding of political economy are fundamental to understanding the nature, processes, and developments of any politico-economic and social systems, including capitalism, imperialism, socialism, and communism. After Marx, Engels, and Lenin, the most comprehensive, truthful, and in-depth works on this and related subjects were published by the Soviet political economists and social scientists, who had done thorough studies in these areas and had integrated and incorporated the contemporary data, information, and developments into their publications (see for example, 1, 2, 3, 4). Soviet philosophers and sociologists had also made such contributions in the closely related, intertwined, and important areas of philosophy and sociology (example, 4). After the capitalist counter-revolution and restoration of capitalism in Russia and other former Soviet republics, along with socialism, such works and their authors have also disappeared from the literary and intellectual horizons. Overwhelming majority of American and European “leftists”, “socialists”, and even “Marxists”, were always astoundingly ignorant of such works, and had very limited acquaintance with even the voluminous writings of Marx, Engels, and Lenin. And yet, they have no hesitation in passing wholesale, contentless, and empty judgments on the nature of the politico-economic system of the former USSR and other former socialist countries, which they brand as “state capitalist”, parroting some of the equally ignoramus and/or biased leftist stars, like Noam Chomsky, Richard Wolff, Howard Zinn, and Stephen Resnick, some of whom have written sharp and accurate empirical and factual critiques of American capitalism and imperialism, but integrated them in erroneous, flawed, biased, ineffective, and solutionless theoretical frameworks (see my critique in this regard, 5).  Criticism and identification of the existing problems, no matter how accurate, are only of limited use at best, if effective and feasible solutions are not proposed.  Solutions of such macro-level politico-economic and social problems also require accurate theoretical framework and foundations.  These and other such writers lack such theoretical framework and foundations, and not only fail to propose any effective and feasible solutions, but preach against those discovered by the founders of Marxism-Leninism-the only effective, necessary, and feasible solutions- the implementation of which had resulted in successful socialist revolutions in Russia, China, Eastern Europe, Cuba, Vietnam and other countries.   Their betrayals and capitalist counterrevolutions in Russia and China-the former giants of socialism-also led to the betrayals and capitalist counterrevolutions in most other former socialist countries.  It is beyond the scope of this brief article to identify and analyze the nature and causes and the transient successes of these betrayals and capitalist counterrevolutions. Continue reading

Regulation of political, electoral, and other behaviors of Americans by the Devil-God of Capital: Hypothesis of its epigenetic and mass psychological role inside the mass mental apparatus

By Fazal Rahman, Ph.D.                       October 15, 2015

Elections for the political offices in the US are incomparably worse than any horror movies, as they repeatedly and inevitably reproduce the basic politico-economic structures and institutions of class divisions, inequality, injustice, vast deprivations, crime, mental illness, selfishness, aggressions, wars, and severe damages to the ecology of nature and human nature-within the context of the most advanced capitalist political economy and the most developed scientifico-technological forces of production and destruction-which, among other things, invariably cause destruction of tens of millions of lives globally, as well as, to a lesser extent, domestically, through wars and invasions, impoverishment and deprivations that cause severe multidimensional damages to human lives, diabolical expenditures of financial and human resources on the military war machine and production of ever more destructive and advanced weapons and systems of mass destruction,  and great damages to the biosphere and all the life-supporting systems of the planet.  No horror movie can come even close to the reality produced by these “democratic” elections. Continue reading

Biosocial and epigenetic relativity of human nature: Relative to political economy, technology, and culture.

By Fazal Rahman, Ph.D.

Written 1982.     Posted on September 7, 2015

It is a question of the Third World starting a new history of Man, a history which will have regard to the sometimes prodigious theses which Europe has put forward, but which will also not forget Europe’s crimes, of which the most horrible was committed in the heart of man, and consisted of the pathological tearing apart of his functions and the crumbling away of his unity.”
Frantz Fanon

The Wretched of the Earth, (Fanon, 1963, p. 315).

We all live under the constant threat of our own annihilation. Only by the most outrageous violation of ourselves have we achieved our capacity to live in relative adjustment to a civilization apparently driven to its own destruction.
R. D. Laing

The Politics of Experience/The Bird of Paradise (R.D. Laing, 1967)

Abstract

This and an earlier paper (Rahman 1980) have ventured into the terra incognita and focused on the effects of social environment on the epigenetic and biosocial regulation of human nature.  Undoubtedly, there are also the effects of natural and physical environment on such regulation, which are also important to investigate.  Various research studies with other forms of life, cited in the Review of Literature in these papers, reveal how changes in the internal and external physical environmental factors cause corresponding epigenetic and gene regulatory changes in various organisms.

A dialectical theory is developed in these papers on the dialectical and relative nature and regulation of human nature, in relation to and in interactions with the politico-economic, mass psychological, and cultural systems and processes of the social environment.  The main focus is on the totally un-researched and unknown areas and effects of such regulation on the epigenetic and gene regulatory dimensions. Some recent research findings which clearly demonstrate that domestication forces and pressures and directional selection (analogous to changes in the politico-economic and cultural forces and pressures in humans) bring about tangible and heritable gene regulatory changes in some animals are reviewed and correlated with the hypotheses and discoveries of our theoretical research. It is concluded that the imperialist capitalism-science and technology-culture complex, especially in its extremist forms and advanced stages, like those of the US, gives rise to extreme imbalances in the differential socio-genetic regulation of human nature.

Destruction of the ecology of nature is dialectically related to the destruction of the ecology of human nature, both being the historical products of the co-evolution of capitalism and technology. Continue reading

Brief, partial, and necessary critical reviews of some of the stars of American Left: Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri, Richard Wolff, Stephen Resnick, Noam Chomsky, and Chris Hedges

By Fazal Rahman, Ph.D.   Completed August 16, 2015

“To leave error unrefuted is to encourage intellectual immorality.”-Karl Marx

“Dug up a mountain, looking for gold. Only found a mouse. Even that was dead.”-A proverb of South Asia.

“…Fuller of words and emptier.” -Holderlin

Introduction

After the Grand Betrayals of socialism in the USSR, Eastern Europe, and China, all types of opportunists, charlatans, speculators, and slanderers have been trying to jump to the center of the leftist political arena, masquerading as “Marxists”, “socialists”, “anti-capitalists”, and “revolutionaries” etc. Many of them have academic backgrounds and are using their academic, oratorical, and demagogic skills to concoct all types of distortions, corruptions, and perversions of Marxian and Leninian political economy, philosophy, and thought. In doing so, they are taking the utmost advantage of the prevalent ignorance of Marxism, Socialism, Communism, and Politico-economic Revolutions, not only in the general society, but also in most of the academics, intellectuals, and leftists. Some of them are wearing the personae of Marxism, while others are anarchists and anti-communists. They are getting away with astounding slanders, ignorance, falsehoods, and distortions in such an environment. Continue reading

Effects of the contemporary technological model on the genetic regulation of inner human faculties

By Fazal Rahman, Ph.D.

A note on the background of this paper

The following article on the biosocial regulation of human nature was published in the interdisciplinary scientific journal, Journal of Social and Biological Structures, in 1980.  It contained a new and original theory on the interactions of science and technology, culture, human nature, capitalism etc.  Another more comprehensive paper, Biosocial regulation of human nature by social systems-science and technology-culture complexes, was written in 1982, in which the original theory and contents were refined and elaborated.  The latter paper was not published.  However, I posted it on this site in 2015, under a different title, with the following link:  

https://imperialismandthethirdworld.wordpress.com/2015/09/07/biosocial-and-epigenetic-relativity-of-human-nature-relative-to-political-economy-technology-and-culture-by-fazal-rahman-phd/ 

These papers and their theory are extremely relevant to the continuing and multiplying dehumanization, injustice, inequality, wars and conflicts, and various other sinister developments on this planet.  The priests and high priests of Advanced Capitalist-Imperialist Technocratic Civilization are blindly, demonically, and pathologically obsessed with technocracy and the profits and powers that it creates, through knowledge, information, manipulation, exploitation, and pollution of nature. Even though there is now a great deal of information on the negative and destructive effects of all this on nature, its life supporting systems, and ecology, there is almost none on the human nature and its inner ecology.  The inner ecology of human nature has been, and continues to be, disrupted, deformed, and destroyed, the Human Soul-source of the spiritual-emotional parts-being its greatest casualty.  Human Reason also underwent extreme reductionisms and is now reduced to capitalist-technological rationality, under the above civilization.  This is indeed a most sinister development, as it distorts, perverts, and deforms both the Human Soul and the Human Reason.

In the Advanced Capitalist-Imperialist Technocratic Civilization, the Human Reason is progressively transformed into Capitalist-Technological Rationality, among scientists, technicians, various types of capitalists, politico-economic leaders, and overwhelming majority of the populations.  It becomes the dominant faculty in the mass mental apparatus, on the expense of various other human faculties, especially those that are connected with and are expressions of the Human Soul.  Fragmented and abstracted from the Human Soul, and compartmentalized, the Capitalist-Technological Rationality increasingly serves and empowers capitalist-imperialist injustice, inequality, exploitation, aggression, domination, brutality, selfishness, big and small lies, hypocrisy, etc.,-in a word, Evil-both on the national and international levels.  On the international level, this is frequently manifested in brutal, atrocious, and unjust imperialist wars and conflicts.  The Advanced Capitalist-Technological Rationality becomes increasingly transformed into Sinister Insanity, which is also exported to rest of world.

Capitalism, especially the advanced capitalism, in the form of imperialism, is the greatest eroder, distorter, perverter, and destroyer of Human Soul, the seat of all the higher human qualities and values, which, in mentally and spiritually healthy, unalientated, and unreified humans, integrates and regulates all the diverse faculties, drives, needs, and actions, including those of the Reason and Intellect.  Reduction of Reason and Intellect to Capitalist Technological Rationality (CTR) and tailoring and submission of Soul to its requirements-as has been done in the Advanced Capitalist-Imperialist Technocratic Civilization (ACITC)-perverts, disrupts, and destroys the very foundation of the inner ecology of human nature.  This is the subjective basis of all the objective evils and injustices, with which the ACITC has saturated and polluted this planet, including the mass psychology and human nature of overwhelming majority of its own populations, as well as much of the rest of mankind.  Not surprisingly, the most extreme forms of these phenomena are to be found in the current leader of ACITC, the United States of America, from where these radiate to every corner of the planet.  Nothing is left untouched or alone.

Surely, the problems of conditioning and tailoring of human nature also existed in other class-divided systems and societies.  However, the particular type of tailoring being described here is unique to the ACITC, which is also the most efficient and most massive, as it is being automatically regulated and implemented by the most powerful, combined, united, and inextricably intertwined politico-economic, social, cultural, mass psychological, and epigenetic forces of capitalism and technocracy.

All the immense material powers-and systems of class-based national and international relations-of ACITC were achieved with the applications of CTR, resulting in the most diabolical association of capitalism, technological rationality, and elements, components, and forces of nature on this planet.  These powers were contained with the emergence and development of the Communist Civilization (CC) and its Socialist Technological Rationality (STR) and the development of various powers and products-and systems of national and international relations that were striving to create classless societies-with its   applications.  CC and STR had the potential to dialectically preserve and further develop the integrity of the inner ecology of human nature and create a radically new human civilization.  However, in actual practice, due to existential dangers, constant attacks, threats, conspiracies, and life and death struggle with the ACITC and CTR, this potential could only be partially realized.  The extreme hostility and dangers of highly developed technocratic militarism of ACITC did not allow this potential to develop and manifest itself, as it would have in the absence of these.  The CC had to devote large amounts of its resources on countering such mortal dangers.

The greatest setback and blow to the development of a just, good, and humane civilization occurred with the betrayal and destruction of CC and STR in the USSR, Eastern Europe, and China, where capitalism and CTR have been restored.  They are now part of ACITC, even though Russia and China have been increasingly forced into the position of opposition and competing blocks within the ACITC, by the US and EU.  The current international situation is much more dangerous than that of the cold war, as it is characterized by the inter-capitalist and inter-imperialist struggle and competition for resources, markets, exports, spheres of influence and dominance, everywhere on the planet.  The Third World War, in the face of US and NATO aggressions in Afghanistan, Iraq, Yugoslavia, and Libya, was only prevented by the compromise, restraint, and retreat of Russia and China.  However, Russia has now been pushed into a corner in the new Ukrainian conflicts on its border, instigated by its rivals in the US and EU.  After the overthrow of the elected President, fascists, racists, and extremists-who want to turn Ukraine into a base of NATO against Russia-have gained control of the government machinery in Ukraine.  Russia was finally forced to draw a line there and seems to be willing to confront the NATO forces, if necessary.   As far as the Chinese are concerned, their role so far has been ambiguous, as they have been benefiting enormously in their trade and investment relations with the West and rest of the world, and have been very reluctant to rock the boat.  Capitalist westernization of Chinese political economy, society, education system, and culture is in full swing, in spite of the hypocritical admonitions of its political leaders in this regard.  Hundreds of thousands of Chinese students have been sent to the American and European universities.  When they return, most will bring back the western capitalist mass psychology, culture, and behavior.  It remains to be seen how the Chinese will act, if the push comes to shove.  They are also being pushed into a corner and may finally draw a line, like Russia did.

Many of these phenomena and processes are occurring on the mass psychological, cultural, and epigenetic levels. 

This article was written long before epigenetics, involving gene regulation, became accepted and popular among the scientific community. The research information has exploded in this area during the previous twenty years and now it is being applied in all areas of biological, medical, and social sciences, various phenomena being reinterpreted in the light of such neo-Lamarckian discoveries and theories. However, no one has yet come up with such a comprehensive and macro-level theory-integrating politico-economic systems, technocracy, culture, and human nature-as contained in these two papers.

It is self-evident that ultimately it is the humans and their evolving nature that are responsible for what is happening.  Such research is not only not funded, but is suppressed and gets the researchers blacklisted in the various institutions of the Advanced Capitalist-Imperialist Technocratic Civilization.  That is what happened to this author, who funded it from his own meager resources. Continue reading

Transformation of fascism in the Twentieth Century: A comprehensive theory

Fazal Rahman, Ph.D. 

A note on the background of this paper

This paper was presented at the Pacific Northwest Marxist Scholars Conference in Seattle, Washington, on April 11, 1986, under a different title, “Some Aspects of the Developing Dialectic of U. S. Capitalist Democracy and International Imperialism”.  It is being reproduced here without any changes, except in the title.  The paper was type-written and was scanned and transferred to the MS Word with some difficulty.  There was an abstract diagrammatic presentation of the theory in the original paper.  However, its scanned copy could not be pasted in the WordPress word processor.  So, that has been excluded. Continue reading

Pakistan: A rapidly failing state. What will it take to stop and reverse the disaster?

Fazal Rahman, Ph.D.         Completed on February 14, 2012
 
Abstract
 
This is a brief review of the current all-round crisis in Pakistan, the worst in the country’s history.  It is the compounded form of all the previous accumulated politico-economic problems, issues, and crises, since its independence in 1947 that were, and are, both the result of the objective structure of the feudal-capitalist-dependent politico-economic system, as well as of the wrong, incompetent, and corrupt leaderships, policies, and actions. 
 
All the diverse symptoms of the current crisis indicate that Pakistan is rapidly becoming a failed state and a failed nation. Continue reading