By Fazal Rahman, Ph.D. Completed January 27, 2012
“At the same pace that mankind masters nature, man seems to become enslaved to other men or to his own infamy. Even the pure light of science seems unable to shine but on the dark background of ignorance. All our invention and progress seem to result in endowing material forces with intellectual life, and in stultifying human life into a material force.” Karl Marx. Selected Works, Vol. 1, p. 500. “That hideous pagan idol (imperialism), who would not drink the nectar but from the skulls of the slain.” Karl Marx. On Colonialism, Moscow Publication, 1968, p. 87. “The bestiality of imperialism, a bestiality that knows no limits, that has no national boundaries. The bestiality of Hitler’s armies is like the North American bestiality, like that of the Belgian paratroopers and that of the French imperialists in Algeria. For, it is the very essence of imperialism to turn men into wild, bloodthirsty animals determined to slaughter, kill, murder and destroy the very last vestige of the image of the revolutionary or the partisan in any regime that they crush under their boots because it fights for freedom.” Che Guevara. 1964 Speech at the United Nations.
A note on the background of this paper
This paper was posted on January 29, 2012, on this site, and shortly afterwards on www. Dandelionsalad.wordpress.com. Author has added important new contents into the original version. As this article continues to get a lot of hits from numerous countries and has been reposted on many other sites, the updated version with the added contents is being reposted. Any sites that had posted the original version are requested to update it too.
The nature and effects of imperialism are extremely complex, diverse, and multidimensional, including, among others, those on democracy; society; culture; ideology, mass psychology, and philosophy; productive forces; nature; and human nature. Starting with Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, numerous Marxists and Leninists contributed their insights and analyses of many of these. The most original and profound of these were those of V. I. Lenin, who was gifted with the extraordinary intellectual abilities to hit the nails on the head in diverse areas of extreme complexity.
After the betrayal of socialism in the former USSR, Peoples Republic of China (PRC), and Eastern Europe, it has gone out of fashion to even mention imperialism, much less engage in any in-depth analyses of contemporary world reality and events that are being shaped and generated predominantly by imperialism. Even Russia and PRC have now become capitalist countries and have joined the inter-capitalist and inter-imperialist competition for the planet’s resources and markets. Of course, the godfather and coordinator of all imperialism continues to be the US. Never before in human history, there was such a conglomeration and proliferation of imperialist and wannabe imperialist countries. And yet, with very rare exceptions, the intellectual resources on this greatest problem and danger of all history to mankind, human nature, democracy, culture, other forms of life, and biosphere, have dried up at a time when these are needed most.
Marx and Lenin had concentrated on the Objective Factor, which was overwhelmingly more important than the Subjective Factor in their time. As is self-evident and indubitable, all the objective conditions in the Advanced Capitalist-Imperialist Technocratic Societies (ACITS) have been ripe for a long time for transformation to socialism. It has been the problems in the Subjective Factor, which have prevented this from happening. Central to these have been the problems of human nature, which have been progressively growing bigger and more sinister. These also caused the Grand Betrayals and destruction of socialism in the former USSR, China, and Eastern Europe. However, Marxists and Leninists have paid very little attention to these, and their causes. The developments in the areas of historical and dialectical materialism have brought about profound changes in the correlation between the Objective and Subjective Factors. Currently, in all the ACITS, it is mostly the problems in the Subjective Factor that are causing the continuation of the status quo of capitalism and imperialism in the ACITS and prevention of their transformation into socialism.
Science and technology have contradictory effects-both positive and negative-on nature, society, human nature, and politico-economic and social systems. At this stage of evolution, as regulated under capitalism and imperialism, the negative and destructive effects are overwhelming and qualitatively and quantitatively far more important than the positive effects and results. In his various writings, this author has focused on the former. Dehumanization and inhumanization in the Advanced Capitalist-Imperialist Technocratic Civilization (ACITC), and particularly in the US, are self-evident and given facts. Numerous great psychologists and philosophers have identified and investigated these, in psychological and philosophical terms, e.g. Erich Fromm, Douglas LaBier, Herbert Marcuse, Rollo May, R. D. Laing, Jacques Ellul, Aldous Huxley, Paul Virilio, etc. Phenomenology and existentialism were also mostly reactions to the mass dehumanization. In addition to mass psychological and philosophical terms, the author has also used gene regulation and epigenetics in the development of his theory and articles on these problems, and related these symptoms to their causes in the capitalist-imperialist political economy, technocracy, mass psychology, and culture. Moreover, he has also written about the globalization of these problems that are being radiated to all corners of the world from the imperialist centers. It is obvious that these problems are crossing all the boundaries of class, gender, religion, nation, state, culture, language etc.
The most sinister dimension of imperialism (advanced capitalism) has been related to its effects on the human nature itself. However, it has remained, by and large, in the dark, even though, its symptoms are gigantic and everywhere. This author wrote two papers in the 1980s-one of them published in an interdisciplinary scientific journal in the US-to initiate efforts to fill this gap and address this deficiency (1, 2). Both these papers contained a new and original macro-level interdisciplinary theory on the biosocial regulation of human nature by the combined and intertwined social forces of advanced capitalism, technocracy, and culture, and showed the historical causal connections between these forces and the plague of one-sided advanced capitalist-technocratic civilization, which has been devastating both the ecology of nature and the inner ecology of human nature, the Human Soul-source of the spiritual-emotional parts-being its greatest casualty. Human Reason also underwent extreme reductionisms and is now reduced to capitalist-technological rationality, under the above civilization. This is indeed a most sinister development, as it distorts, perverts, and deforms both the Human Soul and the Human Reason.
In the Advanced Capitalist-Imperialist Technocratic Civilization, the Human Reason is progressively transformed into Capitalist-Technological Rationality, among scientists, technicians, various types of capitalists, politico-economic leaders, and overwhelming majority of the populations. It becomes the dominant faculty in the mass mental apparatus, on the expense of various other human faculties, especially those that are connected with and are expressions of the Human Soul. Fragmented and abstracted from the Human Soul, and compartmentalized, the Capitalist-Technological Rationality increasingly serves and empowers capitalist-imperialist injustice, inequality, exploitation, aggression, domination, brutality, selfishness, big and small lies, hypocrisy, etc.,-in a word, Evil-both on the national and international levels. On the international level, this is frequently manifested in brutal, atrocious, and unjust imperialist wars and conflicts. The Advanced Capitalist-Technological Rationality becomes increasingly transformed into Sinister Insanity, which is also exported to rest of world.
Many of these phenomena and processes are occurring on the mass psychological, cultural, and epigenetic levels. During 1980 and 1982, I had developed and published a new and original theory on some of these, which can be read by clicking on the following links:
As expected, the author’s above papers have been condemned to remain in the darkness by the priests and high priests of the Advanced Capitalist-Technocratic Civilization-and the masses under their influence-which are all in a diabolical frenzy to incessantly worship Capital, Technocracy, Things, and Power-constantly mutilating their own human nature in that process-in the most sinister rush towards the Great Abyss in history.
Among other contents, some general laws of interactions between imperialism, democracy, and human nature have also been proposed in this article.
Dual nature of US politico-economic system: capitalist democracy and imperialism
It is of paramount importance to understand the real nature of US politico-economic system in order to understand its national and international realities. Domestically, the system constitutes a form of capitalist democracy, mostly defined in terms of holding regular elections after definite periods of time. To go into the numerous flaws and erosions of this form of democracy in the US is beyond the scope of this paper. Suffice it to say here that this democracy has been evolving into a demonocracy in its interactions with its international counterpart, i-e., imperialism. Nothing has deformed and eroded the domestic democracy in the US more than its international imperialism. During 1986, this author had presented a new theory on this subject at the Pacific Northwest Marxist Scholars Conference in Seattle, under the title, “Some aspects of the developing dialectic of US capitalist democracy and international imperialism” (3), in which he had elaborated on this subject in some detail and also shown that US imperialism frequently transformed into fascism in many countries, as it was the godfather of numerous fascist dictatorships throughout the world in the post Second World War period. He also hypothesized that the dialectics of national capitalist democracy and international imperialism and fascism would eventually lead to national fascism too. This is still a transitory and rather obscure stage but the events and facts seem to be leading in that direction.
The US politico-economic system has been demonocratic throughout its history for the peoples of the Third World, starting with the genocide of Native Americans and theft and colonization of their country. Its crimes and sins against humanity are too many to list or discuss here. But it is self-evident that billions of human beings have suffered incalculable damages, deprivations, repressions, mass murders, plunders and theft of their resources, and the loss of the best among them, as a direct result of the policies, actions, conspiracies, and crimes of this godfather of all imperialism and fascism in the world. They have done all that wearing the formal “democratic” masks and cloaks. If that is democracy then Hell is Paradise. This system also has been demonocratic towards the minorities here, at its center, which have been, and continue to be, subjected to demonic levels and types of racist discrimination and oppression. These minorities here are people from the same Third World countries that have suffered its imperialism and fascism internationally. Throughout its history, the real heroes of the Third World were demonized and targeted for destruction by US imperialism while the traitors were elevated and inflated to the status of heroes. Total and absolute perversion! They continued, and continue, to claim without even batting an eye, that their policies and actions would lead to progress and advancement of democracy in the victimized nations! US imperialists developed such sinister hypocrisy, deceptions, and lies to new heights under the Bush and his Oil-Military-Industrial-Complex (OMIC) gang. The current Obama administration has not only continued the imperialist policies and actions of the Bush administration, but has vastly expanded them.
All the imperialist countries have had a predatory history. However, in the aftermath of the Second World War, many of them substituted non-militarist politico-economic methods for achieving their objectives in the Third World. US has been an exception in this regard and since the Second World War, it has unleashed and sponsored countless military conflicts, interventions, and disruptions of independent politico-economic development in numerous countries throughout the world. It has wreaked havoc throughout the world and devastated and extinguished the lives of countless human beings, including many who were the best and highest expressions of human nature. Presently, it is engaged in three major invasions and wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Libya. Many of the NATO countries have also reverted back to the militarist forms of imperialism.
The most repressive, anti-democratic, and humiliating rule in any country is that of a foreign occupying imperialist and colonialist power. One would have thought that in the 21st Century, everyone understood that truism. However, it is shocking to learn that US government and its tens of millions of followers in the most “developed” nation of this world – following in the footsteps of their ancestors who “liberated” Native Americans, Filipinos, Hawaiians, and Africans in slavery – still think it is possible to fool people by calling things by their opposite names. Their ancestors were using the Orwellian language long before George Orwell wrote his 1984 and Aldus Huxley his Brave New World. They think that when they are based on such enormous military and economic power as that of the US, they have the power to present mental retardation as wisdom; colonialism, neo-colonialism, and imperialism as liberation; theft, plunder, and robbery as generosity and giving away aid; high-tech mass murders as humanity; and demonocracy as democracy. They think and act like that as they know that they can not only get away with it, but will be rewarded for that. One wonders about the vastness of contempt they must have for the intelligence and integrity of American people! One also wonders whether that contempt is well deserved! Imperialism has always been the greatest enemy of democracy in the Third World periphery, as well as in the imperialist center. The history of imperialism is overflowing with establishment of the most brutal dictatorships and puppet client regimes in the Third World by the Western imperialist nations. In the second half of the last Century, US became the godfather of all imperialisms and has developed the art and science of blocking and crushing the independent national development and national liberation movements of the developing countries – as well as of overthrowing and replacing the national liberationist and democratic governments with puppet and client regimes – to unmatchable heights.
In the imperialist center itself also, imperialism has been the greatest enemy of democracy, in spite of some superfluous appearances and contradictions. For example, in the US, American people have been treated to constant bombardment of lies, hypocrisies, deceptions, secrecies and disinformation by their leaders to cover up and misrepresent their international imperialist operations. Consenting to such lies, hypocrisies, and deceptions of the “democratic” government- some of them of extremely sinister and evil nature-by the general populace, destroys the very essence of democracy, which consists of people consenting to policies and actions based upon facts, truth, and honesty. As is self-evident, the erosion of democracy in the US has greatly accelerated in the current structural crisis of imperialism and capitalism. The dialectical interactions between imperialism and democracy in the advanced capitalist societies play the most powerful role in the development and evolution of these, both at the center as well as in the periphery. These play particularly powerful role in case of the US, which is, by far, the most powerful, militarist, aggressive, conceited, and deceptive imperialism of all history. Because of its power and its nature, it is wreaking havoc with genuine democracy everywhere, at its center, in the periphery, in other imperialist countries, and in socialist societies. It is the most powerful distortion, perversion, erosion, militarization, and imperialismization of democracy – everywhere, all over this planet. A more sinister, evil, and antidemocratic force is hardly imaginable.
The reality of democracy is eroded in such a context even if the mechanical formalities and appearances are maintained. As is self-evident, even the formalities and appearances of democracy are being greatly eroded at this stage of the development of US imperialism-democracy complex. US imperialism-democracy system has been routinely transformed into fascism in various developing countries, e.g., Nicaragua, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Guatemala, Honduras, Ecuador, Zaire, Philippines, Iran, Indonesia, El Salvador etc. etc. under various dictatorships in the service of US imperialism and its big capital. The chickens are coming home to roost now and the transition to the uniquely American form of fascism has already begun at the center. Internationally also, the fascist nature of US imperialism is becoming transparent more than ever. The so-called “war on terrorism” and wars on Iraq, Afghanistan, and Libya are manifestations of the naked fascism of US imperialism. These are the self-evident expressions of the most brutal, most plunderous, and most mass murderous domination of rich oil, natural gas, and other resources of Iraq, Central Asia and Caspian Sea, and Libya, on behalf of the giant US oil and military-industrial transnational corporations by the US government and military. Some leftovers may be thrown into the bowls of the corporations of NATO countries too for their participation in this imperialist-fascist plunder.
Effects on American people
The fundamental responsibility of American people for this state of affairs is undeniable. They have always elected the representatives of the capitalist-imperialist class to the highest offices of the government and congress and supported the main directions of their foreign and domestic policies and actions. So far, the worst brutalities, sufferings, and deprivations of these policies and actions have been inflicted on hundreds of millions of Third World peoples and the minorities within the US. However, as a result of the historical additive accumulation of diverse economic and other problems that have been generated by these policies and actions, a grave all-round structural crisis of the system-with the economic crisis at its center-, and the society it has produced, is now accelerating rapidly in its development, and victimizing major parts of the population within the imperialist center itself that were complacent with, subservient to, and instruments of the ruling imperialist-capitalist class. That is the essence of the origins of the so-called Occupy Protests. The current crisis has very long historical and structural roots and must be understood within that context. It is a continuation of innumerable and diverse crises of variable magnitudes and natures, which have been accumulating, developing, and merging into each other for decades and centuries, and are now revealing themselves and exploding uncontrollably. The pundits and wannabe pundits of almost all the political ideologies, academics, economists, and intellectuals have, by and large, resorted to reductionist and abstract approaches in their analyses and discussions of this most complex all-round crisis that has developed in the history of advanced capitalism. They have failed to see, much less comprehend, the real concrete historical nature of this crisis. Hence, all their proposed or imagined analyses, solutions, and predictions are bound to fail.
Related to above, one of the most important questions is: What is wrong with the American people? Part of the answer to this question is that the advanced capitalist-technocratic system and its leaders are also responsible for the deformation of the human nature of great majority of American people. They have, by now, inflicted deep and severe damages on the human nature of great majority of American people, making them incapable of seeing or feeling even the simplest of facts and truth or of speaking clearly about them. The manufacture of mass false consciousness and mass psychology by the politico-ideological factories in the US is the most frightening nightmare that comes true and manifests itself over and over again in various parts of the Third World. It is now also returning home with a vengeance.
All these facts are apodictic. However, these are most shamelessly denied by the swarms of intellectual prostitutes and brainwashed and disinformed officials of all the institutions of this society. Exceptions are very rare in this regard. It makes one sick to death to see such great uniformity and self-righteousness in evil, denial of reality, injustice, lies, and corruption of the spirit and intellect. How can the people, who are so advanced in science and technology, be so maldeveloped in their human nature? This author analyzed this matter in some depth in two of his papers (1, 2). In these papers, he synthesized knowledge and information in various areas of social and biological sciences and developed a new comprehensive theory of formation, changes, and biosocial regulation of human nature under the powerful forces of different integrated complexes of social systems, cultures, and technocracy. The contents and conclusions of this new theory are too complex and technical to describe here. However, extremely dangerous malformations of human nature and their causes, under the advanced capitalism-technocracy-culture complex, have been identified and analyzed in these papers.
Successive American governments have been playing a colossal con game with the American people. Their real agenda involves using the US armed forces, belonging to the American people and the nation as a whole, for their private plunder of the rich natural resources of rest of the world. Exorbitant national financial, military, human and other resources of the US are being utilized for private profits and gains. They have been using the national armed forces of the US as their private armies and getting away with it! How is that possible in any genuine democracy? Just the financial costs of the war on Iraq have been estimated to be $3 trillion, coming out of the pockets of ordinary tax payers. Overwhelming majority of American people will not gain anything from such imperialist plunder and robbery. They will lose enormous amounts of financial resources, not to mention many of their lives, for the private greed of the giant corporations and the rich and wealthy, which totally dominate the US governments. Even though much of rest of the world knows exactly what the US government is after, relatively few Americans show any awareness of it. Even if they are aware inside, it is buried under layers and layers of diversions and rationalizations and as such, this deeply buried and suppressed awareness is as good as none. This is the result of prolonged brainwashing, desensitizing, and other forms of conditioning by the most powerful propaganda and mass psychology manipulating machine in history, which have made most Americans incapable of perceiving or feeling even the simplest of truths and facts or the most horrible consequences of military invasions and assaults of other nations, in spite of their leaders getting caught red-handed, repeatedly, with lying and deception in such matters. For example, they were lied to and deceived systematically and constantly throughout the Vietnam War, during the Gulf of Tonkin concoctions, U2 incident in the former USSR, about a non-existing missile gap etc. etc. The history of many of these lies and deceptions is well documented and has been well publicized. Just as a result of policies and actions, based on such official lies and deceptions, more than 3 million Indochinese and 58,000 Americans lost their lives during the Vietnam War, which also devastated and polluted that country enormously and diabolically. David Wise had documented these and numerous other lies and deceptions of the US government leaders, to which American people were subjected, officially and systematically (4). Things have gotten much worse since then. Leaders of US are now totally intoxicated with being the only superpower on this planet. They are now most shamelessly and self-confidently engaged in the ruthless perversion of all values, perverting lies into truth, evil into good, injustice into justice, war into peace, occupation and invasion of other countries into “liberation”, etc. etc., and vice versa , ad nauseam. Much of the American public is also trapped in a similar mass psychology.
The mentally retarded lies and deceptions, being offered as pretexts for the invasions of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Libya can only be accepted by people who have already been brainwashed to the state of mental retardation. No one with any intellectual and spiritual competence or integrity can fall for them. People need to ask themselves: Is it really “patriotism” to be accomplices in such great thefts, robberies, crimes, mass murders, lies, hypocrisies, and deceptions, that their leaders are engaged in these countries? Is such behaviour consistent with any religious or secular values of any kind?
The imperialist thugs and thieves at the helms of the US government are, objectively, turning this whole nation, as well as its military forces, into thieves, robbers, mass murderers, criminals, and sinners of the worst kind. It is not patriotism to be accomplices in this great sin and crime. It is a great sin and crime, and distortion, perversion, evilization, and destruction of one’s human nature, to be an accomplice in all this. True patriotism consists of opposing such great sins and crimes with everything one has, to the best of one’s abilities. First of all, every human being is a human being with a human nature. One cannot be a good American, Russian, German, French, English, Chinese, Afghan, Libyan, or Iraqi with a bad, evilized, unjust, falsified, plunderous, and poisonous human nature. Neither can one be a good Christian, Muslim, Hindu, Jew, or Buddhist with these. It is self-evident that almost all the leaders of the US politico-economic system are severely infected with the worst forms of these and they are, in turn, infecting American people with these too. Such mass psychological pathologies can be transmitted massively, effectively, and rapidly under particular conditions and circumstances. For example, Hitler and Nazis were able to transmit such mass psychological pathologies to overwhelming majority of the German population, quite easily and rapidly. Germans were also highly “advanced” and “educated” in the fields of science, technology, and industry.
Such distortion, perversion, and evilization of the mass psychology of Americans, by leaders and controllers of the US politico-economic system, constitute a powerful and massive attack on the human nature and intellectual and spiritual competence and integrity of American people. What a price to pay for oil and other resources!!! Jesus Christ’s saying, “What is a man profited if he has gained the whole world but lost his soul”, is most relevant to this situation. The souls of Americans have been already greatly eroded and polluted by successions of imperialist, deceptive, lying, plundering, conspiring, hypocritical, and mass murderous leaders. The recent administrations are trying their best to erode whatever soul or spiritual and intellectual competence and integrity might be left in them. This is the greatest damage that can be done to any human being. It is even worse than dying to be systematically evilized in one’s human nature. Seen from this most important perspective, the worst enemies of American people have been their leaders, as they have been drastically eroding, distorting, perverting, and destroying their souls and intellects, their human nature, in pursuit of their private lusts for resources, profits, and power. In reality, these leaders have been the greatest enemies of all authentic American patriotism.
Under the guise of “patriotism”, people are being conned into unquestioning support for policies and actions of grand plunder, robbery, theft, deception, lies, atrocities, injustice, mass murder, evil, and imperialism by the imperialist-demonocratic government. Such “patriotism” is a great imperialist-demonocratic evil, of an extreme nature. People who participate and support such a great evil are doing just that. They are not being patriotic in the true sense of that much abused and manipulated word. Genuine patriotism is always consistent with the values, policies, and actions of justice, truth, goodness, freedom, peace, ecology, and other higher values. When patriotism is mobilized against all these higher values, it is not patriotism but mass mobilization for injustice, evil, robbery, plunder, and imperialism. The greatest terrorists of all history are claiming to be fighting the “war against terrorism”! The godfather of almost all the weapons of mass destruction has been accusing weak little Third World countries, like Iraq, Iran, and North Korea etc., of being a threat to them and to the whole world! It is like a huge herd of elephants, which has stampeded on a large area of the jungle, causing devastation (elephants actually do that in some parts of Africa when they get drunk after eating fermenting fruits), accusing chipmunks to be planning a stampede and posing the threat to the whole jungle! Such behaviour is self-evidently bizarre. However, when the bizarre is not only empowered but is the only superpower, it can continue stampeding successfully until the whole jungle is destroyed. As is obvious, such superpower mental retardation can prevail over the highest of human intelligence and wisdom, under the conditions of contemporary evilized reality of this world. And yet, they never tire of boasting about this reality being the epitome of “civilization”, “development”, “progress” – and above all – “democracy”!!!
Problems of abnormal and unhealthy psychology are widespread in this society, including in its private and government organizations. Psychologists LaBier (5-8) and Maccoby (9), among others, have done large-scale in-depth studies in this connection. LaBier found that under the façade of surface sanity, various types of mental disorders were widespread and that the culture and environment of many large government and private organizations encouraged, nurtured, and rewarded sick attitudes, behaviour, motivations, and values. Within these organizations, these are the keys to success in one’s career! National Institute of Mental Health estimated that almost 20 percent of all Americans have a diagnosed mental disorder, with anxiety, substance abuse, and depression being the most common problems (10). The actual incidence of mental disorders in this society is certainly much higher as these estimates only consist of people who have sought help from the mental health system. There are numerous others who suffer from such disorders but have not entered the mental health system. Estimates of people who suffer from work related problems like stress, burnout, acute psychiatric symptoms, as well as from a broad range of work-related values conflicts, malaise, and loss of identity, range as high as 45 percent (11). Indubitably, such massive problems of mental health in society are basically being produced by destructive biosocial regulation of human nature by powerful, complex and combined socio-economico-political, cultural, and mass psychological forces of one-sided, anti-ecological, and anti-human-nature science and technology and extremist forms of imperialism and capitalism. And yet, knowledge and information in this area is non-existent. This is the result of extreme forms of classist covert censorship as well as self-censorship, which, in this society, in matters like these, work even more effectively and powerfully than the overt and legalized censorship of some other societies.
Inter-imperialist contradictions and conflicts
After the collapse of former USSR, Russia has strived hard to join the imperialist camp. Other major members of this camp include US, UK, France, Germany, Italy, Japan etc. Even the Peoples Republic of China is now going through such transformations. There is now an unprecedented conglomeration of imperialist countries on the world stage, which is leading to an unprecedented dangerous situation for mankind and other forms of life on the planet. Both World War I and II were the result of inter-imperialist contradictions and conflicts between major imperialist powers for division and redivision of the world in favour of their economic and political interests. Such contradictions and conflicts between the economic and military interests of the major imperialist powers flared up many times during the prolonged Iraqi crisis. As was self-evident, control over the huge multi-trillion dollar oil and other resources of Iraq was at stake there. Russia, France, Germany, and China had huge multi-billion dollar contracts with the government of Saddam Hussain, either finalized or in the process of completion. US and UK, and their giant oil and other corporations, were being left out from these highly profitable and lucrative projects and contracts in Iraq. With their mouths drooling with epileptic frenzy, the US and UK governments bid farewell to all pretensions of elementary decency, ethics, international and domestic law, democracy and democratic values, as well as all other human values, and rushed to Iraq with great means of violence and destruction, in an uncontrollable frenzy of imperialist greed and plunder. USSR, France, Germany, and China attempted to stop this US-UK imperialist aggression through the UN mechanisms and the international law but failed to do so. They could only have prevented it if they were willing to confront the aggressors militarily, either directly or indirectly, by threatening to give military assistance to Iraq. They did neither and the US-UK imperialist frenzy went full speed ahead. That recent history is now being repeated in Libya, where US and NATO countries are not content with their share of the control of Libyan energy and other resources and plan to enhance it greatly through the war and regime change, as well as to thwart and reverse the developing economic and political independence of the African Union countries, in which Libya, under Muammar Gadhafi, had been playing a key role.
In the Iraqi, Libyan, and Afghanistan crises, inter-imperialist contradictions and conflicts did not lead to war between the major imperialist powers precisely because the opposing powers failed to confront the US and its allies in their plans and actions. However, these were, and still are, potentially very dangerous situations for the whole world. If the other imperialist powers chose to protect their economic interests with military force, it could have, and still can, lead to the World War III, which will be catastrophic for all mankind and the whole world. Even if it did not and does not happen this time, continuation of the current course of action by the US and its collaborators will lead to it sooner or later. When there was USSR, inter-imperialist contradictions and conflicts between the major capitalist-imperialist powers were kept to a minimum. USSR also tried its utmost to prevent the Third World War, in spite of numerous US provocations. Now that the USSR has collapsed and Russia and Peoples Republic of China have become competing imperialist powers, the inter-imperialist conflicts and contradictions are certain to increase greatly and so is the threat of Third World War.
Changing balance of forces: The emerging multipolar world
The global US imperialism has been rooted in the economic and military domination and exploitation of rest of the world, and has been accompanied by its political multimacy, with numerous contradictory and self-contradictory faces, for dealing with different countries and situations. So far, on the basis of its enormous military, economic, and political powers, and collaboration of the ruling circles of its client states, it has been able to trample over real freedom, democracy, peoples’ most important needs and rights, truth, justice, and goodness, everywhere on the planet, with few exceptions. Due to overwhelming and one-sided dominance of material powers over the intellectual and spiritual powers that has been multiplying throughout the history of Western Civilization, and especially during the past few centuries, in which Renaissance, Enlightenment, and capitalism converged and combined to produce a material reality-and mass psychology and culture determined by it-which has been so powerful that it has been able to impose any irrationality, injustice, evil, and falsehood with impunity, and any challenges to these have been automatically dismissed as unrealistic and irrational. With a few exceptions, like Vietnam, US imperialism has been able to impose its imperialist world order in much of the Third World, as well as in the First World. The Second World, consisting of the former socialist countries, under the leadership of USSR and China, successfully resisted and repelled the encroachments of US imperialism for decades. However, the betrayal of socialism in these countries has not only made the doors wide open to US imperialism but has turned some of the more developed of them into imperialist countries themselves. The Second World, in its original form and essence, has now disappeared. To be sure, new competing blocks are being formed currently, but these are being formed within imperialism, on the basis of inter-imperialist contradictions and conflicts, which have, so far, not developed into military conflicts. But, these are much more dangerous than during the Cold War period, in which there were conflicts and contradictions between capitalist and socialist countries. Both world wars were the result of inter-imperialist conflicts and rivalries. All these colossal transformations have created a historically unprecedented conglomeration of imperialist countries on the world stage. Inter-imperialist balance of forces is in a state of rapid flux. US has been, economically and militarily, the most powerful imperialist country through much of the 20th Century. However, currently, it is gripped by an all round structural crisis that, in its essence, is much worse than that of the Great Depression. It is losing economic competition with some of its rivals, like China, , which is rapidly and successfully expanding its economic sphere throughout Latin America, Asia, and Africa, replacing the US in many countries as their foremost trading partner, as well as investing heavily in their industries and raw materials. Russia is also following a similar pattern, though less successfully. US is now by far the biggest debtor country in the world, with total national debt approaching $14 trillion, a great part of which is owed to foreign creditors, like China and Japan. At the current pace of its economic development, China will surpass the US in its economic weight, in the near future. It has already overtaken Japan in the second position. It is also catching up militarily with the US, although it still has a long way to go in this regard. Russia inherited the military might developed during the Soviet era, in which a rough military parity was established with the US led imperialist camp. It also continues to invest heavily in the modernization and innovation of military and highly advanced weapon systems. Even though, US imperialists have been intoxicated with being the “Sole Superpower” in the post-Soviet era, and acting as such, it is, in fact, a dangerous and self-damaging illusion. In spite of all the noisy and boastful propaganda, unrestrained arrogant chest-thumping, and demonic waste of huge resources, the “Sole Superpower” has been unable to defeat even the most primitively equipped and resource poor resistance forces in Afghanistan, in spite of gathering the military forces of fifty other imperialist and client countries there, under the NATO command, for ten long years. It is neither a unipolar nor bipolar world now, it is multipolar. Russia still continues to have a rough military parity with the US and NATO. China is rapidly emerging a new rival in this connection. The resistance in the Third World is also starting to reassert itself, after a very difficult submissive period, in the aftermath of the betrayals by its former allies that were socialist and supportive of national liberations and anti-imperialism yesterday but are themselves imperialist today. This constitutes another pole of challenge to imperialism. If and when the European Union and Japan decide to liberate themselves from the domination of US imperialism, they will rapidly become new powerful poles. The seeming advantages of US imperialism in having around 900 military bases around the world and its abilities to deploy forces in distant areas are now turning into their opposites, huge disadvantages and drains on the already collapsing economy.
History has now started moving dialectically towards the necessity of rectification of its reversals and its forward march towards freedom, democracy, and socialism. All the innumerable imperialist think tanks and intelligence networks are unable to grasp this great underlying force of history and are again conspiring in every imaginable way to stop and reroute it in the backward road to imperialism that would put to waste the great sacrifices and energies of the revolutionary masses in this great historical revolutionary moment, in order to maintain the status quo in its closest proximity. They are unable to comprehend that no military or economic power can stop the forward march of history for long. It may create the illusions and delusions of having stopped it, but these are inevitably going to be shattered and evaporated, with devastating effects, sooner or later. History is just and rational, but its justice and rationality develop in its own time frame, rectifying all the great injustices, irrationalities, betrayals, arrogance, and follies of humans, rooted in the class-divided social systems, through the human forces of historical change. What is happening in Latin America, Afghanistan, Egypt, and Middle East is the beginning of a great process of such historical rectification, a great historical revolutionary moment, and must be seen and understood as such. As usual, the macro-history is being ignored almost totally by all the pundits and experts-serving the interests of imperialism-who are trained and conditioned in micro-history, as well as in the use of methods and concepts of operationalism and positivism, to fragment and distort it, in order to manage and control it. For a long time, they have gotten away with all this because they have been based in a reality dominated by the overwhelming capitalist-technocratic powers of the imperialist system and its various institutions. However, a new historical era is dawning upon this world, in which the deeply entrenched centers, structures, and institutions of injustice, inequality, and domination would be torn apart to pieces. The pseudo and anti-historical “rationality” of the imperialist system and its innumerable pundits, academics, technocrats, and news media is now coming apart at its seams and revealing itself for what it is and is being challenged effectively by the real historical rationality, on the world stage. They are now surrounded by the latter but are totally absorbed by the former, encased in it, and unable to see the latter, even though it is all around them and engulfing them. Their pretensions of objectivity and scientism are appearing to be the most stubborn and reified forms of solipsism. All the imperialist centers, especially the US, are in for the greatest upheavals and tragedies in history. Unless the masses in these centers put their politico-economic apparatuses on the right tracks and in the right gears, these centers, intoxicated with and addicted to their military and economic powers-developed on the basis of centuries of injustice, inequality, deceptions, genocides, domination, and plunders-will continue rushing headlong towards the abyss, taking all the mankind and most other forms of life with them. The political somnambulism of the working class and masses in the godfather of all imperialisms-the US-does not give one any reasons for optimism in this regard at this time. However, the only hope is that the historical rationality and necessity will also assert themselves here and make possible what seems to be impossible at the moment.
Imperialism is, and has been for a long time, the greatest problem mankind has ever faced. It is complex and has a multidimensional nature, including among others, economic, political, military, cultural, and mass psychological dimensions. The former three have been studied extensively by Marxist and other intellectuals. However, the latter two have, by and large, remained in the dark. The historically developed economic essence of US imperialism remains the same, which consists of domination and exploitation of the natural and human resources of rest of the world, for its capitalist class, and bribery and pacification its own working class and population, as well as of the politico-economically powerful and important leaders and elites of other countries, from such fabulous profits and fruits of exploitation that are transferred to the imperialist center. In the “Free” and “Democratic” society of the US, even the word “imperialism” is a taboo, even in the institutions of so-called “higher learning”. In such an environment, all political analyses that violate this taboo, are automatically banished from all public discourse. Only in a few small publications and web sites, one finds any mention of it. It is obvious that unless innumerable problems and events, being incessantly generated by US imperialism, are seen, understood, and related to their basis and root causes, these cannot be even diagnosed and understood correctly, much less solved. The basic principle is the same in this regard as in medicine. Unless the root causes of illnesses are identified accurately, these cannot be treated. This simplest of truths appears to be beyond the grasp of the hordes of “intellectuals” and “experts” of imperialism.
Social sciences, imperialism, and democracy
Social sciences, and especially the political science, are fundamentally flawed in the Western capitalist countries as these omit any serious knowledge, information, or analysis of the gigantic reality of imperialism, much less of its effects on democracy in the center or periphery or on human nature or behaviour. This great flaw in the very foundation of these “sciences” has retarded, distorted, perverted, and deformed their contents as well as knowledge and information about changes in the nature of overall politico-economic system and in the contents and forms of democracy. In the Marxist and socialist sciences, there has been extensive discussion and analyses of imperialism. However, almost all such discussion is focused on the international economic operations of imperialism. The area of developmental interactions between imperialism and democracy in the imperialist center and periphery has remained largely unexplored in these as well, even though, Lenin, had shed some light on this matter, almost one hundred years ago.
A few writers in this country have published extremely knowledgeable, informative, and honest analyses, exposes, and critiques of US imperialism and the flaws and decay of democracy in the US. Among others, Michael Parenti (12, 13) has written extensively on both these subjects, while David Wise, William Greider, and Seymour Hersh (4, 14, 15) have documented and analyzed the various inherent problems of democracy; its decay and erosion; the highly institutionalized cult of secrecy, deception, and lying to the public by the government leaders and other elites etc., in great depth. In his recent writings, Parenti has discussed the nature of US politico-economic system in terms of strong empire and weak republic. Victor Perlo’s book, Super Profits and Crises: Modern US Capitalism (16) remains one of the most important and informative books ever written on the political economy of US imperialism. Also, Professor James Petras has written numerous excellent books and articles on a great variety of subjects that are related to imperialism. He is the foremost intellectual authority in this country, and one of the best in the world, on the Latin American political economies and their relations to imperialism. In an article, published on his web site in December 2008, soon after the first election of Barack Obama to the Presidency, he had presented evidence and analyses, which showed that the greatest conman in recent history had been elected to that office, at a time when overwhelming majority of Blacks and other minorities, academics, news media, leftists and other progressives, and various world leaders were ecstatic about the election of the first Black President in the United States history and the great changes he had promised to bring about and was expected to create. Even the Cuban and Venezuelan revolutionary leaders, Fidel Castro and the late Hugo Chavez, had such illusions at that time. But, Professor Petras saw clearly right through him and tried to warn everyone that they were falling for a very sleazy conman. All of his conclusions have proven to be right ( See James Petras. A Historic Moment: The Election of the Greatest Con-Man in Recent History. http://petras.lahaine.org/?p=1766 December 6, 2008). Noam Chomsky is another famous American writer who has written some penetrating critiques and analyses of the American foreign and domestic policies and actions. However, some of his positions, like his anti-Sovietism, anti-Leninism, anti-communism, and glee at the overthrow of socialism and restoration of capitalism in the former USSR, have been extremely irrational and bizarre. These positions, regardless of his intentions, objectively coincided with those of the American and European imperialists. They must have been overjoyed that such an influential leftist, with large followings, held the same positions, in such crucial matters, as themselves. Whether he realized it or not, these positions were very useful to the powers that controlled the levers of imperialism and were applying them throughout the world, their biggest goal being the reversal of history in the former USSR, Eastern Europe, China, and other socialist countries, which were trying to create classless societies, and in which the monstrous inequalities and injustices of capitalism had been greatly reduced and replaced with unmatchable relative equality, justice, and satisfaction of the essential human needs of housing, food, healthcare, employment, education etc., for everyone in society. These goals were accomplished to variable degrees in different socialist societies, depending on the level of development of their productive forces. Even Cuba, a relatively under-developed Third World country, was able to make great strides in implementing many of these objectives. After the counter-revolutions, overthrow of socialism, and restoration of capitalism, all the sinister problems of social inequality, injustices, corruption, prostitution etc. have exploded in the former socialist societies with such great speed and force that they have even surpassed those in the US and Western Europe.
How can such a bright intellectual like Chomsky not see the connection between the betrayal and destruction of socialism in the USSR and USSR itself and the invasions and devastation of Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, and Syria by the US and its NATO allies, in which more than three million humans have been slaughtered, countless millions injured, uprooted, and turned into refugees, with all the immense sufferings that result from that, infrastructures and economies destroyed, sectarian and other civil wars started that continue unabated, victims hardened into brutal revenge seekers, creation of Taliban, Al Qaeda, Islamic State (Daesh), and numerous other militant groups? If socialism had not been betrayed, capitalism not restored, and the USSR had remained what it was, the US and NATO would never have dared to engage in such invasions and aggressions. Even people with average intelligence understand that. How can an extraordinary intellectual like Chomsky not understand that?
The catastrophic dangers of the Third World War have also multiplied because of the multiplications of aggressive inter-capitalist and inter-imperialist competition for the world’s resources, markets, and spheres of influence and domination, as a direct result of the betrayal and destruction of socialism in the former socialist countries. And yet, Chomsky has not repented or rectified this one of the greatest blunders of his life. And his numerous followers continue following his footsteps. So, what is the great Guru of the American left so happy about? What is happening in the post-socialist world was totally predictable.
Another great problem with Chomskyism is that it has no credible proposals for solutions to the problems it analyzes so sharply and exhaustively, mostly in the positivist and analytical mode. Dialectical mode seems to be alien to it. It has no vision of what and how the current politico-economic system of imperialism, and its countless institutions, will be replaced with. In contrast, Marx and Lenin had identified and explained such transformations and replacements, in great detail, precisely and concretely. Some of Chomsky’s associate anarchist gurus at the Znet and Zmagazine have come up with various subjectivist illusions of the so-called Parecon (Participatory Economics), which they consider to be a substitute for Marxist-Leninist theory of politico-economic revolutionary transformations. Parecon is nothing but an updated version of the thoroughly discredited hot air balloons of the anarchists of the 19th Century, like Bakunin, Kropotkin etc. There is no substitute for the essential stages of the socialist revolutions that were discovered and worked out by Marx and Lenin, and later further elaborated upon by numerous Marxists-Leninists. No matter how the current anarchists cloth their subjectivist politico-economic concepts-with floods of written and spoken verbal diarrheas-which may even look and sound convincing, these remain hot air balloons, impossible and unrealizable.
His contradictory utterances in relation to the destruction of Libya by the US and NATO forces; negligence, ignorance, and distortion of the great politico-economic and numerous other accomplishments of its leader, Moammar Gadhafi, who was brutally murdered by the US military and CIA connected rebel groups; and the US and NATO invasion of Afghanistan, among others, have been detrimental to the accurate comprehension of these important international matters. His tendency to float above the concrete and objective politico-economic facts, in his various analyses, also leads to reduction of matters and events to subjective rationalism. As he has had large followings in the US and numerous European and other countries, such flaws-which have not been detected, ignored, or agreed with by his followers-have caused enormous damages to the development of a genuine and effective revolutionary consciousness in the left and other progressives, as well as to the anti-war movements. His divisive presence among the left has caused more damages than benefits. This author had written a critique of some of Chomsky’s erroneous positions in an article that can be read with the following link. Further discussion on this topic can also be read there, which has been added at the end of that article, under Postscript April 7, 2015.
None of the above and other writers on these subjects have examined the dialectical interactions between the US imperialism and democracy in the center and the periphery or the effects of imperialism on human nature and its internal and external ecology. These areas have remained especially unexplored in relation to the imperialist center, i-e., in the US.
Most people do not even know what imperialism is, much less about its effects on democracy or human nature. They think it is just the military conquest and domination of other nations. They are unaware of the modern economic nature or operations of imperialism, so concisely defined by Lenin as the highest stage of the development of capitalism (17), in which the export of capital, foreign investments, dominance of finance capital, and other older as well as newer neo-colonial methods of exploitation of natural and human resources in the countries of the periphery are deployed for the purpose of maximization of profits and transfer of wealth from the periphery to the imperialist center. Military conquest, regime changes, reestablishment of direct control over the resources of other nations, colonialism etc. are older and antiquated methods of imperialism which the Bush and Obama administrations are now reviving, starting with Afghanistan, Iraq, and Libya. Many NATO countries are also now following in their footsteps and reverting back to a previous era of colonialist and militarist imperialism.
In discussing imperialism, the author has started from Lenin’s premises as imperialism being the highest stage of the development of capitalism. The focus of Lenin in that work was on the economic nature and processes of imperialism. However, political, cultural, and mass psychological factors and processes of imperialism are also of great importance, and he also dealt with these in his other works. It is crucial to identify, analyze, and comprehend these and their evolution at various stages of the development of imperialism. In this rather brief article, an effort has been made to present an outline of these interactions and processes at the current stage of history. This outline needs much further development and substantiation.
Positivist and neo-positivist Vs dialectical approaches to reality
For historical, philosophical, and cultural reasons, much of the politico-economic, sociological, philosophical, and related literature in the US, Canada, and UK is dominated by positivist and neo-positivist approaches and attitudes. Most authors confine themselves to listing of information and facts, mostly obtained from the major media, and interpreting and analyzing them from the leftist or rightist perspectives. However, the analysis rarely penetrates the surface, the appearances. Hardly any effort is made to relate the events, facts, and information to their law-regulated causes and processes or to any proper theoretical frameworks. The former are examined in abstraction, disconnection, and fragmentation from the later. Dialectical approaches and ways of thinking and analyses-that grasp the phenomena in their contradictions, interactions, interconnections, and developmental movement, and aim at arriving at their essences, by penetrating deeply below the surface-are very rare in these societies.
With positivist and neo-positivist approaches, it is impossible to arrive at the real and full nature of phenomena, like wars, crises, symptoms of sickness of societies and human nature etc., much less to propose any effective solutions. For example, in case of wars, the leftist web sites and publications start overflowing with empirical articles that tend to reduce them to merely the problems of policy, without identifying and illuminating the origins of policy from the structure of the politico-economic system of imperialism, technocracy, and culture. Such approaches are extremely detrimental to any in-depth and objective understanding and illumination of the real nature and causes of wars and other such phenomena, which are inextricably connected with and originate in the political economy of imperialism.
New dimensions of imperialism
In spite of the richness of literature and abundance of knowledge and information in this area, there are some dimensions of imperialism, which have remained almost totally unidentified, unstudied, and unknown thus far. One of those dimensions involves the effects of imperialism on human nature, culture, mass psychology, and behaviour- the internal and external ecology of human nature- as well as its effects on the ecology of nature. Another involves the interactions of imperialism with democracy. These dimensions consist of interactions between various macro level components of social and human reality. It is a truism that all reality involves interactions between various components, and that all observable phenomena are the products of such interactions. Powerful social forces of macro level systems- like imperialism, capitalism, socialism, science and technology, cultures, religions etc. – interact with and produce powerful effects on all social and human reality, including the human nature itself. And yet, these areas have, by and large, remained in almost total darkness, in spite of the fact that the results, symptoms, and evidence of these large-scale interactions are everywhere, multiplying, and growing ever more gigantic.
This author has done in-depth and original interdisciplinary investigations of these most important and neglected dimensions of imperialism. His first paper on these complex subjects, Effects of the contemporary technological model on the genetic regulation of inner human faculties, was published in the Journal of Social and Biological Structures, during 1980 (1). This was the first biosocial investigation ever of this dimension, in which a new macro-level and comprehensive theory was developed and presented. During 1982, he wrote a more comprehensive paper on this subject, Biosocial regulation of human nature by social systems-science and technology-culture complexes, in which, the original theory of the first paper was somewhat refined and further elaborated upon (2). These articles were written long before epigenetics, involving gene regulation, became accepted and popular among the scientific community. The research information has exploded in this area during the previous twenty years and now it is being applied in all areas of biological, medical, and social sciences, various phenomena being reinterpreted in the light of such neo-Lamarckian discoveries and theories. However, no one has yet come up with such a comprehensive and macro-level theory-integrating politico-economic systems, technocracy, culture, and human nature-as contained in these two papers.
The new discoveries prove that the French evolutionary geneticist Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de Lamarck (1 August 1744 – 18 December 1829) was correct in his theory of the inheritance of the acquired characteristics and that various social and physical environmental factors can and do bring about changes in the gene regulation and expression, which can then be inherited and passed on to the progeny. His theory, which was produced long before that of Darwin, was subjected to extremist discrimination, suppression, negligence, and ridicule for more than 200 years-in favor of the exclusivity of Darwinian theory of evolution-, by the scientific and other establishments, in the Western Capitalist Civilization, which inflicted great damages to the development of extremely important research information and knowledge in that area, during all that time. Founders of Marxism-Leninism had used the Darwin’s evolutionary theory in support of their theories of historical and dialectical materialism, as it scientifically explained the origin of new and different species from the old, just like the new social systems originated from the old ones. On the other hand, more importantly, the capitalists used its categories of competition, natural selection, and survival of the fittest to explain and justify similar features in their own capitalist system. They resisted and excluded any theories or research that would indicate the role of environmental factors in modifications of traits, their inheritance, and in the evolutionary changes. Only recently, the research discoveries in epigenetics have exploded to such levels that Lamarck’s theory can no longer be ignored or denied.
The above papers were written at a time when epigenetics was in its infancy. It remains the only such published work in these areas. The author funded that theoretical work from his own meager resources. In this country, he has suffered diabolical damages to his life and career by the scientific establishments due to multidimensional philosophical, intellectual, political, cultural, and racist discrimination. The above-mentioned biosocial regulation theory needs to be expanded and developed further, in the form of a book. He has all the ideas in his head for doing that and has done updated review of literature. He had already refined and developed the original theory in a second more detailed paper. He needs collaboration and some institutional support for completion of this work. If anyone is interested in that, please contact the author at unpollutedfaz (at) aol.com or by telephone at (602)539-1440. This would be a truly original and groundbreaking work, most important for the identification and comprehension of enormous problems that have developed in the Subjective Factor and Human Nature, under the powerful politico-economic, socio-cultural, mass psychological, and epigenetic forces of capitalism, imperialism, and technocracy. We are living through one of the worst periods in human history, certainly the worst during the past two centuries. Socialism did not fail in the USSR or China. It is the human nature that failed and betrayed socialism there. Causes of such failure are rooted in the contradictory and dialectical nature of human nature and its interactions with the politico-economic systems, cultures, and technocracy etc. These causes have not been investigated in any depth
Lamarck had arrived at his theory on the basis of Intuition, a faculty that Albert Einstein considered to be of primary importance, much more important than Reason, for discovering really fundamental and important new theories and knowledge. Intuition had enabled Einstein to arrive at the foundations of his theories of relativity.
The above papers have dealt with an extremely complex subject, using some of the most advanced knowledge and information in various areas of social and biological sciences. The central conclusion of the theory is that the contemporary forms of imperialism-technocracy-culture complex create and develop profound biosocial conflicts between various parts of human nature, on populational levels. The ecological balance of the inner ecology of human nature, in populations existing under the contemporary forms of this complex, has been, and continues to be, greatly disrupted, on biosocial regulatory levels. Spiritual part of human nature- the source of drives for justice, cooperation, goodness, truth, beauty, love, altruism, synthetic and holistic modes of thought and feelings, the sacred, and other higher human faculties-is repressed, deformed, and perverted, while, materialistic part of human nature- including scientific and technical abilities; drives for domination, power, competition, selfishness, greed, desecration, aggression, militarism, and consumption; analytical, calculative, and fragmented modes of thinking and feelings-and the human faculties underlying these-is activated and regulated to high levels- all of this on the biosocial regulatory levels- under the powerful biosocial forces of this complex. This is the worst form of dehumanization and inhumanization imaginable, in which, technically highly advanced “humans” become disabled in some of the most important higher human faculties, emptied out of the drives and feelings of cooperation, true and genuine freedom, justice, love, grace, the sacred, truth, goodness, beauty etc., and molded into the drives and feelings of capitalist materialism, slavery to the Capital, greed, injustice, hatred, disgrace, desecration, lies, evil, ugliness, aggression, militarism, selfishness, sadism etc, in variable combinations and to variable degrees, depending upon particular individuals, families, groups, and their interactions with the socio-economico-politico-cultural forces of the complex. The mainstream processes are being described here. It is important to recognize that these processes are not exclusive and other types of biosocial regulatory processes are also functioning in the given populations. Not everyone in the advanced imperialist societies is being biosocially conditioned and regulated in the same way or to the same degree. However, the human nature of most people in these societies is being conditioned and regulated to variable degrees. Moreover, such conditioning and regulation are also being internationalized, through the dominance and penetration of the economic, political, cultural, educational, institutional, scientific, technological, and industrial models of the imperialist centers, throughout the various countries of this world. As far as the Third World is concerned, such conditioning and regulation of human nature, as is characteristic of the advanced imperialist societies, is mostly confined to the economic, political, educational, and military elites there, especially those trained by the institutions or personnel of the imperialist centers. However, countless millions of ordinary people are also constantly bombarded with it, by great variety of imported products, as well as by the various media, especially the TV.
The basic laws of imperialism-democracy complex
The following general laws are proposed to be operating in the interactions and processes involving imperialism and democracy in the imperialist center and its periphery:
- The Law of Inverse Relationship Between the Development of Imperialism and Development of Democracy.
Politically, the highest stage of the development of imperialism manifests itself in the transformation of democracy and democratic institutions into demonocracy and demonocratic institutions, both in the imperialist center and the periphery. The development of imperialism is inversely proportional to the development of democracy in all these countries. In its simplest interpretation, this law means that higher development of imperialism in the imperialist center erodes real democracy in that center as well as in the countries of its periphery. There is an inverse relationship between the development of imperialism and development of real democracy.
In its relationship and interactions with democracy, imperialism is almost always more powerful and dominant and molds democracy and its institutions in its own image, almost always dedemocratizing them. Imperialism is the most powerful enemy of all democracy. As shown elsewhere (1, 2), it is also the most powerful enemy of some of the most important parts of human nature and of the integrity of human nature. Objectively, people who support imperialism, under the guise of patriotism or any other slogan, are, in reality, supporting the erosion and destruction of democracy as well as of human nature, including their own. A greater and more sinister folly is hardly imaginable. And yet, a great majority of Americans are conditioned and addicted to that so massively that it must make Pavlov wish in his grave that his theory of conditioned stimulus-response were not correct. But, unfortunately, it is correct. Nowhere one finds such massive confirmation of Pavlov’s theory than in the US, the epitome of Western democracy and imperialism.
When pollution and deformation of mass intellect and soul, of the social mental and spiritual apparatus, reaches a certain threshold, there is no possibility of any real democracy in that society, no matter how the mechanics and formalities of the system are maintained or reformed. When human nature itself becomes demonocratic, it constantly produces and reproduces demonocracy, and not democracy, even though the mechanics and formalities of the system may still maintain the appearance of democracy.
- The Law of Inverse Relationship Between the Power of Capital and of Human Nature.
Empowerment of capital in a given society is inversely proportional to empowerment of human nature and people in that society. In its simplest interpretation, this law means that the more capital is empowered in a society, the more disempowered human nature and people become. .
- The Law of Mutual Negative Conditioning and Reinforcement of the Imperialist-Capitalist System and Human Nature.
Evils, injustices, distortions, and deformations embedded in the politico-economic system and institutions of society constitute powerful social forces which evilize, distort, and deform human nature massively in that society. Conversely, such evilization, distortion, and deformation of human nature maintain, reinforce, and enhance these features in the system and its institutions. This mutual conditioning and reinforcement progressively leads to the development of demonocracy in the advanced capitalist-imperialist societies. That is precisely what has been happening in the US.
- The Law of Dominance of Capitalist-Technological Rationality And Its Transformation Into Sinister Insanity In The Advanced Capitalist-Imperialist Technocratic Civilization.
This law is connected to the above Law of Inverse Relationship Between the Power of Capital and of Human Nature and The Law of Mutual Negative Conditioning and Reinforcement of the Imperialist-Capitalist System and Human Nature. In the Advanced Capitalist-Imperialist Technocratic Civilization (ACITC), the Human Reason is progressively transformed into Capitalist-Technological Rationality, among scientists, technicians, various types of capitalists, politico-economic leaders, and overwhelming majority of the populations. It becomes the dominant faculty in the mass mental apparatus, on the expense of various other human faculties, especially those that are connected with and are expressions of the Human Soul. Fragmented and abstracted from the Human Soul, and compartmentalized, the Capitalist-Technological Rationality (CTR) increasingly serves and empowers capitalist-imperialist injustice, inequality, exploitation, aggression, domination, brutality, selfishness, big and small lies, hypocrisy, etc.,-in a word, Evil-both on the national and international levels. On the international level, this is frequently manifested in brutal, atrocious, and unjust imperialist wars and conflicts. The Advanced Capitalist-Technological Rationality becomes increasingly transformed into Sinister Insanity, which is also exported to rest of world.
As in case of all such laws, these laws work complexly in dialectical ways. There are zigzags and modifications of their operations by various mediating forces and factors. However, ultimately, the results of the operations of these laws conform to their contents.
Capitalism, especially the advanced capitalism, in the form of imperialism, is the greatest eroder, distorter, perverter, and destroyer of Human Soul, the seat of all the higher human qualities and values, which, in mentally and spiritually healthy, unalientated, and unreified humans, integrates and regulates all the diverse faculties, drives, needs, and actions, including those of the Reason and Intellect. Reduction of Reason and Intellect to Capitalist Technological Rationality (CTR) and tailoring and submission of Soul to its requirements-as has been done in the Advanced Capitalist-Imperialist Technocratic Civilization (ACITC)-perverts, disrupts, and destroys the very foundation of the inner ecology of human nature. This is the subjective basis of all the objective evils and injustices, with which the ACITC has saturated and polluted this planet, including the mass psychology and human nature of overwhelming majority of its own populations, as well as much of the rest of mankind. Not surprisingly, the most extreme forms of these phenomena are to be found in the current leader of ACITC, the United States of America, from where these radiate to every corner of the planet. Nothing is left untouched or alone.
Surely, the problems of conditioning and tailoring of human nature also existed in other class-divided systems and societies. However, the particular type of tailoring being described here is unique to the ACITC, which is also the most efficient and most massive, as it is being automatically regulated and implemented by the most powerful, combined, united, and inextricably intertwined politico-economic, social, cultural, mass psychological, and epigenetic forces of capitalism and technocracy.
All the immense material powers-and systems of class-based national and international relations-of ACITC were achieved with the applications of CTR, resulting in the most diabolical association of capitalism, technological rationality, and elements, components, and forces of nature on this planet. These powers were contained with the emergence and development of the Communist Civilization (CC) and its Socialist Technological Rationality (STR) and the development of various powers and products-and systems of national and international relations that were striving to create classless societies-with its applications. CC and STR had the potential to dialectically preserve and further develop the integrity of the inner ecology of human nature and create a radically new human civilization. However, in actual practice, due to existential dangers, constant attacks, threats, conspiracies, and life and death struggle with the ACITC and CTR, this potential could only be partially realized. The extreme hostility and dangers of highly developed technocratic militarism of ACITC did not allow this potential to develop and manifest itself, as it would have in the absence of these. The CC had to devote large amounts of its resources on countering such mortal dangers.
The greatest setback and blow to the development of a just, good, and humane civilization occurred with the betrayal and destruction of CC and STR in the USSR, Eastern Europe, and China, where capitalism and CTR have been restored. They are now part of ACITC, even though Russia and China have been increasingly forced into the position of opposition and competing blocks within the ACITC, by the US and EU. The current international situation is much more dangerous than that of the cold war, as it is characterized by the inter-capitalist and inter-imperialist struggle and competition for resources, markets, exports, spheres of influence and dominance, everywhere on the planet. The Third World War, in the face of US and NATO aggressions in Afghanistan, Iraq, Yugoslavia, and Libya, was only prevented by the compromise, restraint, and retreat of Russia and China. However, Russia has now been pushed into a corner in the new Ukrainian conflicts on its border, instigated by its rivals in the US and EU. After the overthrow of the elected President, fascists, racists, and extremists-who want to turn Ukraine into a base of NATO against Russia-have gained control of the government machinery in Ukraine. Russia was finally forced to draw a line there and seems to be willing to confront the NATO forces, if necessary. As far as the Chinese are concerned, their role so far has been ambiguous, as they have been benefiting enormously in their trade and investment relations with the West and rest of the world, and have been very reluctant to rock the boat. Capitalist westernization of Chinese political economy, society, education system, and culture is in full swing, in spite of the hypocritical admonitions of its political leaders in this regard. Hundreds of thousands of students have been sent to the American and European universities for studies. When they return, most of them will bring back the western capitalist mass psychology, culture, and behavior with them. It remains to be seen how the Chinese will act, if the push comes to shove. They are also being pushed into a corner and may finally draw a line, like Russia did.
Economic costs of wars in Iraq and Afghanistan
According to government’s figures, the invasion of Iraq has cost the American taxpayers more than $1 trillion and that of Afghanistan is also fast approaching that level. Some other estimates have been much higher, e.g. those of Stiglitz and Bilmes, amounting to $3 trillion (18). Only the big oil and military production corporations have benefited enormously from these, and have made record profits. The American people and their economy have suffered devastating damages. These wars have been one of the major causes of the current all-round structural crisis in the US. As usual, Americans, in the beginnings of these wars, overwhelmingly supported these. Now, after a decade of devastations and mass murders in those countries-amounting to millions-and great damages to the US economy itself, the public opinion is shifting against them.
Predatory political economy of imperialism creates a predatory imperialist mass psychology; human nature; culture; politics; military, militarism, militarist policies and actions; and all the international relations. These manifest themselves in constant production and reproduction of various international and national crises and problems. Within the existing balance of social forces, mitigation and opposition to such individual crises and problems is extremely important. However, one must not lose sight of their context in that process. The nature of systematic and constant generation of these crises and problems under a highly militarized political economy, like that of the US, requires a systematic, integrated, and dialectical approach to their understanding and creation of a mass movement based on this. Abolition of the constant production and reproduction of these crises, problems, atrocities, and crimes requires the abolition of imperialist political economy. In a highly brainwashed, disinformed, and unimaginative society like that of the US, it may seem to be an impossible goal. But nothing short of it will do the job. That must be the aim of any genuine, rational, and sincere peace, social and international justice, and environmental mass movement.
In the absence of scientific theoretical grounding, empirical facts and research are entirely inadequate to reveal the necessary, the stable, and law governed processes of reality, its various phenomena, and their essence. This is the greatest flaw of most publications in social and politico-economic “sciences”, including those on current events, in the imperialist countries in general, and US in particular. This deficiency is also prevalent in much of the leftist literature.
As far as the destructive effects of capitalism and imperialism on the ecology of human nature are concerned-as described in various parts of this article above-these are differential and multidimensional, involving mass psychological, cultural, epigenetic, and gene regulatory dimensions, which are ultimately based upon and regulated by the political economy. Numerous Marxists have envisioned the creation of a New Man under socialism and communism. This author also shares that vision. However, it will not be that easy. The epigenetic and gene regulatory effects give certain stability and inter-generational continuity to the various traits of human nature, as conditioned and produced by the political economy of capitalism and imperialism, and before these, by the political economies of other class-divided systems. The genetic potentials for the reactivation of the good traits, which have been inactivated or regulated at relatively low levels, may still be there, and under socialism and communism, these may be reactivated or activated at higher levels. Similarly, the potentials for the inactivation or regulation to low levels of some of the bad traits of human nature is definitely there during the development of classless societies, under socialism and communism. However, it will take considerable time-on the intergenerational scale-to reverse the processes of centuries and millenniums of dehumanization and inhumanization of capitalism, imperialism, and other class-divided systems. Marxists have generally assumed the effects of political economies to be mass psychological and cultural, without being aware of their biosocial, epigenetic, and gene regulatory dimensions, which lead to unrealistic expectations and optimism. The relevant contents of this article put those expectations and optimism in their proper and realistic perspective.
Addition of 6.7.2016
Capitalist Human Nature + Capitalist Democracy = Demonocracy
Real democracy will only become possible when humans are freed from the slavery to and domination of The Capital and the Capitalist Class, when the greatly eroded and damaged parts of their human nature, involving both the Human Soul and Human Reason, are repaired, made wholesome, and restored, and when they become de-alienated and de-reified. That will only become possible under socialism and communism. Under various stages and forms of capitalism, they are condemned to remain mutilated and eroded, and to live only under the façade and illusions of “democracy”. Capitalist democracy and human nature, mutually and dialectically, erode, distort, and pervert each other. This process greatly intensifies and accelerates in the Advanced Capitalist-Imperialist Technocratic Societies (ACITS), in which advanced technology and technocracy inextricably intertwine and combine with the advanced capitalism and create the most powerful macro-level social forces of dehumanization; inhumanization; erosion, perversion, and transformation of the Human Soul and Human Reason; mass alienation, and mass reification, all under the façade and illusions of “democracy”. Capitalist Democracy under these conditions inevitably transforms into Capitalist Demonocracy.
Numerous logical, factual, macro-level, and micro-level inferences and conclusions can be derived from this new biosocial and epigenetic theory of the relativity of human nature. For example, the impossibility of anarchism should be self-evident. After millennia of dehumanizations; inhumanizations; alienation; reification; and differential epigenetic and biosocial regulation of human nature, in various class-divided societies in history-especially under the co-evolution of capitalism and technology-resulting in the current forms of advanced capitalism and imperialism-in which these processes have greatly accelerated and have been, both quantitatively and qualitatively, transformed into newer and more extreme forms, the restoration of the health and wholesomeness of human nature will require enormous macro-level intellectual and spiritual efforts, which will only become possible in the centrally planned politico-economic systems of socialism and communism, taking considerable historical time, on the inter-generational levels, even under these systems, for achieving significant results in these areas.
It should be pointed out that Marx and numerous other Marxists after him have already demonstrated the politico-economic and social impossibilities and infeasibilities of anarchism, as solution to the great problems of capitalism and imperialism. This new biosocial and epigenetic theory further substantiates their analyses, adding an important new dimension to them.
Anarchism always was, and continues to be, a totally subjectivist-idealist-delusional-sensationalist hypothesis and ideology, in complete dissociation from the existing realities of capitalism and imperialism, and the real possibilities of their overthrow, transformations, and replacement with another more just, rational, and rehumanizing social and politico-economic system. Even though, anarchism is completely impossible and infeasible, just imagine the consequences of it somehow succeeding in the contemporary American society. It should be clear to any thinking and informed person that, given the deformations of human nature into the current capitalist-imperialist forms, the types and levels of horrors, conflicts, bloodshed, chaos, and anarchy would be unimaginable.
Added on 7.24.2016 to my paper on biosocial and epigenetic relativity of human nature (2). As it is also relevant to this article, it is being added here too.
On the uniformity, diversity, and Changeability of human natures
Historically, the apologists and advocates of capitalism have always asserted that human nature has been and will continue to be unchangeable in the foreseeable future. They also talk about human nature as if it is the same and uniform, across all the various cultures and countries. Most of them have no background in genetics or biology and resort to lengthy philosophical and rational sounding arguments and discussions, deducing and elaborating them from wrong axioms and premises, and against all the empirical and historical evidence. They throw in the names of some famous philosophers, who had speculated on the subject of human nature in metaphysical and idealistic ways and concocted all types of complicated, unprovable, confused, confusing, and unscientific generalizations about some supreme being, human body, and human mind. Most of them confine themselves within the limits of those generalizations, going back and forth between those of various philosophers, who had passed away long time ago, without adding anything new or original. It is a totally useless and time-wasting activity. However, the writings of these uncreative charlatans get published in the so-called prestigious journals and publishing houses. The lack of any really original and new ideas or theories is compensated for by excessive, sophisticated, and complex verbiage and vocabulary, as well as by scholarly appearances and the clever manipulation of concepts. They support each other in such activities in various ways, e.g., by writing favorable reviews. Writings of Marx, Engels, Lenin, and other Marxists-who had profound insights into this matter-are almost totally excluded or distorted and falsified by overwhelming majority of the contemporary writers on this and other related subjects. A lot of them are academics and are able to develop rather large numbers of fans in the academia and general public. In this society, who writes or speaks something carries great weight, regardless of its actual value, and academic professors’ writings and speeches are, in general, processed through those lenses. Here, I am talking about the mainstream academic and other writers. Of course, there are many exceptions to these generalizations, both among the academic and non-academic writers. However, it is scientifically valid to ignore such exceptions, when identifying and analyzing the general nature of phenomena.
Those, who have such background in biology and genetics, only resort to conventional genetics and selected parts of the Darwin’s theory of evolution, which support their assertions, for example, the natural selection acting on mutations, evolutionarily, a very lengthy process, survival of the fittest, which, under capitalism and imperialism, are, by and large, not selected by the natural selective forces, but are selected by those of capitalism and imperialism, which may be, and are, better able to survive and succeed within the duration of those systems, but, in the long run, are leading to their own extinction, as well as to the extinction of the whole mankind and most other forms of life. They dishonestly omit those parts of Darwin’s theory that contradict their assertions. Almost all of them are still resistant to placing and examining this most important matter in the light of the enormous research discoveries in the area of epigenetics and gene regulation, during the past few decades, which demonstrate the evolutionary plasticity and flexibility, over relatively short periods of time, as a result of external and internal environmental regulation of the genetic systems. Cabej has excellently documented and interpreted much of that information in his lengthy 2012 book (19).
Observationally and scientifically, it has never been valid to talk about one common and unchanging nature for the whole human species. In addition to sharing some common parts of human nature, there have been, and are, also different human natures in different human populations, existing and developing under different politico-economic, technological, cultural, mass psychological, and epigenetic regulatory systems.
As a result of very complex historical, philosophical, cultural, mass psychological, biological, and epigenetic reasons, the effects of and the above-mentioned damages to the Human Soul and Human Reason, caused by the politico-economic system-technocracy-culture complex have been most severe and extreme in the Anglo-Saxon ACITS. Due to their military, politico-economic, and scientifico-technological dominance, these ACITS are also forcing other ACITS, as well as rest of the mankind, into their molds, hence increasing and radiating such effects and damages to other populations as well. In spite of such increasing uniformity in this regard, there are still great cultural and mass psychological differences between the Anglo-Saxon ACITS and other societies, not only those in the East, but also within Europe and Americas, e.g., populations of Latin origins, Greeks, and native peoples of the Americas, etc. However, these differences are progressively being reduced.
Added on 9.13.2016
In the Advanced Capitalist-Imperialist Technocratic Societies (ACITS), almost everything, including the human spiritual and intellectual culture, is derived from the one-sided and all-powerful-and-dominant material culture. The relative independence, freedom, and powers of human spiritual and intellectual culture are greatly eroded and reduced
Reified and alienated members of capitalist societies are integrated by the most diabolical bonds of reification and alienation. Such alienated and reified human nature and mass psychology distort, pervert, and deform all the most important parts of human nature, including Rationality, Intellect, Soul, Spirit, Emotions, Feelings, and Instincts, etc. The alienated and reified Capitalist-Imperialist Technological Rationality (CITR) is elevated to the dominant and supreme position in mass mental apparatus, and all the other essential parts of human nature are subordinated to it and constantly tailored to conform to its requirements. There can be no doubt that the mechanisms and processes of epigenetics, gene regulation, and neuronal networks are also involved in such mass dehumanization, alienation, and reification, in addition to the mass psychological and cultural.
In the ACITS, CITR generates and produces uncountable types and varieties of technological, industrial, military, and consumer products-a great number of which are not only unnecessary, but, in fact, are harmful and damaging to human well-being, health, and survival-as well as numerous sources and instruments of material powers, the policies and actions derived from which are able to masquerade as being “logical”, while, in fact, these are, frequently, not only the diametrical opposites of real logic and un-alienated and un-reified rationality, but are evil, unjust, and sinister in the extreme. Within this artificial environment, populated by zillions of human made artifacts and billions of humans-who, by and large, have themselves been turned into artifacts-, the carriers of CITR are able to parade around, with dizzying glitters, as the epitomes of civilization and development, primarily because of the one-sided material powers and benefits it has generated for them. All the deleterious effects on human nature, culture, and real civilization are covered up and remain in the dark, while the CITR, its carriers, products, and powers march triumphantly in the limelight of “progress” and “development”. In the ACITS, the price paid for such “progress” and “development” is the distortion, perversion, reification, alienation, erosion, and mutilation of some of the most important parts and foundations of human nature, including the rationality itself. Problems of alienation and reification are discussed in more detail in another article (20).
- Rahman, F. Effects of the contemporary technological model on the genetic regulation of inner human faculties. Journal of Social and Biological Structures. 3, 375-389, 1980. https://imperialismandthethirdworld.wordpress.com/2014/08/11/effects-of-the-contemporary-technological-model-on-the-genetic-regulation-of-inner-human-faculties-by-fazal-rahman-ph-d/
- Rahman, F. Biosocial regulation of human nature by social systems-science and technology-culture complexes. 60 pages, 1982. Paper presented at the International Conference of Scientists and Scholars in Grenada, Spain, during 1982. The conference was organized jointly by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Culture and the Swedish International Federation of Institutes for Advanced Studies (IFIAS). https://imperialismandthethirdworld.wordpress.com/2015/09/07/biosocial-and-epigenetic-relativity-of-human-nature-relative-to-political-economy-technology-and-culture-by-fazal-rahman-phd/ (I changed the title of this article and posted it in 2015).
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Some parts and ideas of this article were written in some earlier papers on imperialism in Iraq and Egypt. As these parts are not only relevant to those countries but also to imperialism in general and its multidimensional nature and effects on democracy, human nature, nature, society, culture etc., these have also been included here.
Re: Sin, evil and evilization: These terms have been used in this article to describe actions and policies that are against justice, truth, goodness, beauty, peace, love, compassion, spirit, soul, ecology of nature and of human nature etc. As such, these words may be interpreted both in religious and secular terms. Use of the word crime is extremely inadequate to describe such actions and policies, especially in class-divided societies, in which the laws and the legal system are, in their essence, reflections of the power and interests of the ruling classes, and, as such, are instruments of injustice, inequality, and evil.
Re: Human nature: Human nature consists of contradictory and opposite parts. In this paper, the erosive and destructive effects of biosocial and politico-economic forces of imperialism etc. on human nature are in reference to the positive parts of human nature. The same forces have activating and developmental effects on some of the negative parts of human nature. Under capitalism and imperialism, even some of most important and positive parts of human nature are transformed into their opposites, into negative.
Re: Human Soul: The reality of Human Soul has been recognized throughout the known human history, religiously, intuitively, and rationally. Whether one considers its nature to be non-biological, as in all the major religions, or biological, it is the seat of the highest human faculties and qualities. Author’s own view is that the Human Soul has a biological dimension, which, like all the other human traits and faculties, is influenced by the natural and social environments, in its development and expression. Erosive effects of capitalism and imperialism on Human Soul have been discussed from that perspective. However, these can also be interpreted in religious terms.
Re: Language of the paper: It is consciously holistic. In social sciences, it is most important to include spiritual, emotional, ethical and other such categories to describe social and human phenomena. These are some of the most important parts of human and social reality and purging them from the methodology and language, dealing with this reality and its components, purges and excludes these most important contents from investigation and discourse. Such purging is systematic in modern social “sciences” and constitutes the Great Distortion of Knowledge in these, in the service of the powers that be.
Dr. Fazal Rahman is an interdisciplinary researcher and writer, with background in many areas of biological and social sciences. He has lived and worked in many countries, like Pakistan, Brazil, USA, Lebanon, and Zambia, as a scientist and head of research and development programs and centers. He has done in-depth and extensive studies on Marxism, Leninism, phenomenology, existentialism, political economy of capitalism and socialism, political economy of US and former USSR, technocracy, psychology, mass psychology, epigenetics, and genetics, etc.